Overblog
Suivre ce blog
Editer l'article Administration Créer mon blog

Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Article de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #L'art sur les chemins du feu

L’éruption en cours au Cotopaxi me fait revenir sur un artiste, considéré comme " le peintre du Cotopaxi ", Frederic Edwin Church.

Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) fut un élève de Thomas Cole, considéré comme fondateur de l’Hudson River School, mouvement artistique américain regroupant des peintres paysagistes à la vision esthétique empreinte de romantisme.  

Inspiré par les œuvres d’Alexander von Humboldt, explorateur et naturaliste allemand qui visita le continent américain de 1799 à 1804, Church partit à la découverte de ces paysages grandioses à deux reprises, en 1853 et 1857.

Ces premières œuvres sur le volcan dépeignent un cône en paix relative … un peu de vapeur émane du cratère, mais sans signe d’éruption majeure.

Frederic Edwin Church , Cotopaxi, 1855. - Oil on canvas, 7x16 inches.- Courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Frederic Edwin Church , Cotopaxi, 1855. - Oil on canvas, 7x16 inches.- Courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Frederic Edwin Church , Cotopaxi - Oil on canvas -  1855 - Smithsonian American Art Museum

Frederic Edwin Church , Cotopaxi - Oil on canvas - 1855 - Smithsonian American Art Museum

Au cours de sa seconde visite en Equateur, Church assista à l’éruption du Sangay. La description qu’il en fait montre que le phénomène l’a impressionné fortement, et ses peintures vont refléter cet effet.

(*) description par Church de l’éruption du Sangay (Université de Potsdam - Frank Baron - From Alexander von Humboldt to Frederic Edwin Church: Voyages of Scientific Exploration and Artistic Creativity) :

Gradually the clouds broke away, the sun shone and gilded with refined gold every slope and ridge that it could touch. Patches of open sky revealed the most lovely blue in contrast to the rich coloring.

My sketch finished, I turned my face, and Lo! Sanga[y], with its imposing plume of smoke stood clear before me. I was startled. Above a serrated, black, rugged group of peaks which form the crater, the columns arose, one creamy white against an opening of exquisitely blue sky, delicate white, cirrus formed, flakes of vapor hung about the great cumulus column and melted away into the azure. The other, black and somber, piled up in huge, rounded forms but sharply against the dazzling white of the column of vapor and piling up higher and higher, gradually was diffused into a yellowish tinted smoke through which would burst enormous heads of black smoke which kept expanding, the whole gigantic mass gradually settling down over the observer in a way that was appalling.

I commenced a sketch of the effect, but constant changes rapidly followed and new beauties were revealed as the setting sun created the black smoke with burnished copper and white cumulus cloud with gold. At intervals of nearly four in five minutes an explosion took place; the first intimation was a fresh mass of smoke with sharply defined outlines rolling above the dark rocks followed by a heavy, rumbling sound which reverberated among the mountains. I was so impressed by the changing effects that I continued making rapid sketches; but all the time I had from the moment I saw the first of them until the sunset was twenty minutes. Dense clouds again settled over the mountains and night took the place of day. The curtain had dropped.”

A partir de 1861, le volcan est montré en éruption, dont les émanations obscurcissent le ciel.

En 1862, Church dépeint une éruption plus importante où le panache cache partiellement le soleil, suggérant un évènement cataclysmique.

Comme ni Church, ni Humboldt n’ont vécu cette forme extrême d’éruption, le peintre fait ici une œuvre de fiction dramatique, où ses références à l’éruption du Sangay se mêlent à ses souvenirs du Cotopaxi.

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil Study of Cotopaxi,  - 1861 - Collection of Nelson C.White / SchillerInstitute.org

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil Study of Cotopaxi, - 1861 - Collection of Nelson C.White / SchillerInstitute.org

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas, 48 x 85 inches -  1862 - The Detroit Institute of Arts

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas, 48 x 85 inches - 1862 - The Detroit Institute of Arts

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas, 9-9/16 x 17-1/16 inches. - 1865 -  Private collection./ via Antiques and fine arts

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas, 9-9/16 x 17-1/16 inches. - 1865 - Private collection./ via Antiques and fine arts

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas,11 x 18 inches - 1867 - Yale University New Haven

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil on canvas,11 x 18 inches - 1867 - Yale University New Haven

Sources :

Université de Potsdam - Frank Baron - From Alexander von Humboldt to Frederic Edwin Church: Voyages of Scientific Exploration and Artistic Creativity

Antiques and fine arts – The worlds of Frederic Edwin Church by William Gerdts

Commenter cet article

Articles récents

Hébergé par Overblog