Four new small mud volcanoes were opened Thursday, January 7 at 19:30 to Paterno, Via Salé, in the yard of a private home.
A noise like boiling attracted the attention of residents within walking distance of salinelle dei Capuccini ... and they found themselves facing a mudslide that in two hours, spread over 200 meters in the street slope. Firefighters and communal services intervened to allow access to housing, and build a pipe to drain any new mudslides. The flows have stopped in the day of Saturday, January 9.
Eruzione delle Salinelle dei Cappuccini di Paternò del 7 gennaio 2016. Dal sottosuolo sono emersi, da quattro diverse bocche, gas misti ad acqua e fango davanti l'uscio di un'abitazione di Via Salso. Una lunga colata di fango ha invaso la via, rendendo necessario l'intervento di bobcat e spalatori per liberarla
In the past, the Salinelle activity has already produced outside the known sites, salinelle dei Cappuccini and salinelle del Fiume. Last August, three mouths were opened in the same area.
This secondary volcanism event called "salinelle", is characterized by mud craters, and emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other gases linked to volcanic events.
Radiometric examinations trace its genesis in the 6th millennium BC, and links this event to the activity of Etna. Excavations have shown the use of sludge from the Neolithic, through the presence of pottery.
The first historical records date back to Diodorus of Sicily written, dated 60-30 BC. The Romans used it as a health resort, while the Arabs end use of the mud for other uses.
The salinelle was the subject of scientific study since 1736 by a doctor of Paterno, Chisari Vincenzo (1707-1767), then by Giuseppe Recupero (1815), Henri Sainte-Claire Deville (1856), Ferdinand Fouqué (1865) Orazio Silvestri (1866), Filippo Eredia (1931), Gustavo Cumin (1954) and Salvatore Silvestri Cocuzza (1956 to 1973).
The Salinelles were added in december to the catalog of Sicilian geosites.
- Local media: EtnaLive, Catania Meridionews, MeteoWeb
- Paternesi.com: The salinelle: natura, storia e degrado!