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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #Actualités volcaniques

The official baptism today of the volcanic cone of the eruption of September 11, 2016, named "Piton Jacob" pays tribute to the slave who discovered the Pas de Bellecombe in 1768, and to the history of the Reunionese people.

This ceremony takes place within the framework of the Commemoration of the Abolition of Slavery.

La Réunion - Piton de La Fournaise - eruption to now "Piton Jacob" on 15.09.2016 - photo © Thierry Sluys

La Réunion - Piton de La Fournaise - eruption to now "Piton Jacob" on 15.09.2016 - photo © Thierry Sluys

In the middle of the 18th century, the ascent to La Fournaise takes place at the start of the coast, with various difficulties: steep terrain, significant drop in altitude and disturbed weather.
On October 25, 1768, a group of 25 people tried to climb the volcano in eruption from St Benoit. In the group, Guillaume Léonard de Bellecombe, Governor of the island, Honoré de Crémont, Author of the Governor, Creoles, who know the land, and two slaves, Jacob and Charlot.
It was Jacob who discovered the passage, baptized "Pas de Bellecombe". The next day, a small team goes down into the Enclosure, towards the summit. Having arrived there, de Crémont proposes to Jacob to free him if he agrees to go to the edge of the crater in eruption ... but the fear of the volcano is the strongest, and Jacob does not accept.

 Reunion Island - Piton de La Fournaise - 14.09.2016 / 14 h - photo © OVPF

Reunion Island - Piton de La Fournaise - 14.09.2016 / 14 h - photo © OVPF

Reunion - Piton de La Fournaise - 14.09.2016 - spattering and overflow of the lava - photo © Ludovic Leduc

Reunion - Piton de La Fournaise - 14.09.2016 - spattering and overflow of the lava - photo © Ludovic Leduc

The collegiate decision taken by the OVPF, the Reunion Island National Park and the city of the volcano, to baptize this new cone named after the slave Jacob is a tribute to the real discoverer of the passage which today allows visitors to contemplate the top of the volcano.
 
Sources:
IMAZPRESS - The volcanic cone of the September 11, 2016 eruption called "Piton Jacob" - link
State services in Reunion Island - Commemoration of the abolition of slavery - 20 December 2015 - link

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