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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #Actualités volcaniques
 Towards a 4th eruption this year at La Fournaise ? - photo © Bernard Duyck archives 2017

Towards a 4th eruption this year at La Fournaise ? - photo © Bernard Duyck archives 2017

The seismic activity above the summit area of ​​the Piton de la Fournaise resumed significantly this 26 july with 32 superficial volcano-tectonic earthquakes (<2 km deep) recorded between 04:00 and 16:00 local time, including 23 events between 12:00 and 13:00 local time.
This significant increase in seismicity follows a resumption of inflation (swelling) of the volcano observed since the end of the eruption of July 13, 2018, and synonymous with a deep recharge to magma and pressurization of the superficial magmatic reservoir.

The acceleration of the seismicity observed today shows that the pressurization of the reservoir accelerates and that the latter becomes weakened.

Are we going towards a 4th eruption 2018 ?

Source: OVPF

Piton de La Fournaise - Illustration of the deformation over 2 months. Here are shown baselines (variation of distance between two GPS receivers) crossing the Piton de la Fournaise building, at the top (at the top), at the base of the terminal cone (in the middle) and in the far field (at the bottom ). A rise is synonymous with elongation and therefore swelling of the volcano; conversely, a decrease is synonymous with contraction and therefore deflation of the volcano. The periods colored in light pink correspond to eruptive periods. (© OVPF / IPGP)

Piton de La Fournaise - Illustration of the deformation over 2 months. Here are shown baselines (variation of distance between two GPS receivers) crossing the Piton de la Fournaise building, at the top (at the top), at the base of the terminal cone (in the middle) and in the far field (at the bottom ). A rise is synonymous with elongation and therefore swelling of the volcano; conversely, a decrease is synonymous with contraction and therefore deflation of the volcano. The periods colored in light pink correspond to eruptive periods. (© OVPF / IPGP)

On Ambae, after a few days of persistent emissions of ash and strong fallout, a hole in the activity made it possible to obtain this July 26 at 9:30 local a satellite image of the eruptive site.
 

Ambae - an eruptive break this 26.07.2018 / 9:30 local allowed to photograph the site cleared - Image Copyright 2018 Planet Labs Inc. / via Simon Carn

Ambae - an eruptive break this 26.07.2018 / 9:30 local allowed to photograph the site cleared - Image Copyright 2018 Planet Labs Inc. / via Simon Carn

This did not last, since an explosive eruption was detected on July 26 around 21:00 local time, and confirmed by the VAAC Wellington.

Significant amounts of sulfur dioxide were recorded by the NASA and NOAA satellites, with a cloud of ash and gas in the east direction.

The World Wide Lightning Rental Network (WWLLN) also recorded strong electrical activity at the same time.

Sources: Satellites mentioned, WWLLN, Simon Carn

Ambae - Volcanic Ash Advisory 26.07.2018 - LARGE ERUPTION TO HIGH LEVELS AT 10Z AND ON-GOING LOW LEVEL EMISSIONS EVIDENT ON SATELLITE IMAGERY. HEIGHTS BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 IR SATELLITE IMAGERY AND NOUMEA SOUNDING. FORECAST POSITIONS BASED ON MODEL WINDS AND HYSPLIT GUIDANCE. - a click to enlarge

Ambae - Volcanic Ash Advisory 26.07.2018 - LARGE ERUPTION TO HIGH LEVELS AT 10Z AND ON-GOING LOW LEVEL EMISSIONS EVIDENT ON SATELLITE IMAGERY. HEIGHTS BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 IR SATELLITE IMAGERY AND NOUMEA SOUNDING. FORECAST POSITIONS BASED ON MODEL WINDS AND HYSPLIT GUIDANCE. - a click to enlarge

Ambae - Beginning of the eruption of 26.07.2018 and development of the cloud - IR images Himawari 8 / NOAA / CIMSS - a click to enlarge
Ambae - Beginning of the eruption of 26.07.2018 and development of the cloud - IR images Himawari 8 / NOAA / CIMSS - a click to enlarge

Ambae - Beginning of the eruption of 26.07.2018 and development of the cloud - IR images Himawari 8 / NOAA / CIMSS - a click to enlarge

 Ambae 26.07.2018 - Lightnings detected by the WWLLN

Ambae 26.07.2018 - Lightnings detected by the WWLLN

Ambae - SO2 Quantities Detected by Nasa Aqua AIRS at 14:05 - 14:11UT. - About 0.12 Tg of SO2 detected in the UTLS - via Simon Carn

Ambae - SO2 Quantities Detected by Nasa Aqua AIRS at 14:05 - 14:11UT. - About 0.12 Tg of SO2 detected in the UTLS - via Simon Carn

In the eastern rift zone of Kilauea, fissure 8 continues its lava emissions in the channel from the vent to the northeast. No further spillover was reported on the morning of July 26th. Lava movements in the channel appear slow, and levels are lower in the lower channel.

Note, the formation of a crust on the lava flow where she had formed a small lava pond.

On the coast, the lava flow in the Ahalanui region remains within 0,1 mile of the Pohoiki ramp in Isaac Hale Park. The active entrance to the ocean is still a few hundred meters east of this lava flow.

Kilauea East rift zone - the level of lava has dropped both inside the cone spatter and at the level of the flow - photo Bruce Omori

Kilauea East rift zone - the level of lava has dropped both inside the cone spatter and at the level of the flow - photo Bruce Omori

Kilauea East Rift Zone - part of the flow encrusted at the pond formed the previous days - photo Bruce Omori

Kilauea East Rift Zone - part of the flow encrusted at the pond formed the previous days - photo Bruce Omori

Kilauea East rift zone - map of the flows and entries at sea on 26.07.2018 / 14h - Doc.HVO-USGS

Kilauea East rift zone - map of the flows and entries at sea on 26.07.2018 / 14h - Doc.HVO-USGS

Kilauea East Rift Zone - Position of the Lava front relative to the Pohoiki Boat ramp - Photo Bruce Omori

Kilauea East Rift Zone - Position of the Lava front relative to the Pohoiki Boat ramp - Photo Bruce Omori

At the top, the interior collapse of the edges and walls of Halema'uma'u continues.

The fractures, noticed between the terminals 28 and 32 on the Hihway 11, are attributed to the fact that its construction was made over many faults and lava tunnels. Due to the large amount of earthquakes in Kilauea the embankment in frequently repaired areas is shaken in the depths of the tubes and cracks. This explanation from the USGS is why there has been so much damage to the highway in this section.

Sources: HVO-USGS

Turrialba - 26.07.2018 - General view: Geoffroy Avard / Ovsicori - Crater view: RSN webcam
Turrialba - 26.07.2018 - General view: Geoffroy Avard / Ovsicori - Crater view: RSN webcam

Turrialba - 26.07.2018 - General view: Geoffroy Avard / Ovsicori - Crater view: RSN webcam

In Turrialba / Costa Rica, the volcano maintains intermittent passive eruptions of ash since 23 July 2018; they disperse west-northwest towards the Central Valley.

Sources: Ovsicori & RSN

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