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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #volcanic activity
Krakatau - surtseyan activity, characterized by cypressoid jets and ash plumes - images taken from a warship 28.12.2018 / Muhammad Adimaja via antara
Krakatau - surtseyan activity, characterized by cypressoid jets and ash plumes - images taken from a warship 28.12.2018 / Muhammad Adimaja via antara

Krakatau - surtseyan activity, characterized by cypressoid jets and ash plumes - images taken from a warship 28.12.2018 / Muhammad Adimaja via antara

According to recent visual observations, the top of the Anak Krakatau cone has disappeared. The PVMBG estimates that the highest point of the volcano has risen from 338 meters to 110 meters. From Pasauran's PGA post, the position of the top of Mount Anak Krakatau is currently lower than that of Sertung Island, which is the background. For the record, the island of Sertung is 182 meters high and 132 meters long.

The missing volume of Krakatau is about 150 to 180 million cubic meters ... which leaves it between 40 and 70 million cubic meters.

This change in morphology results from the combination of strong eruptive activity and slippage of a part of the volcanic body.

The current potential danger of the ongoing Gunung Anak Krakatau eruption is the more likely occurrence of Surtsey type eruptions, a phreatomagmatic type (direct contact between magma and seawater) producing a lot of ash.

The risk of another tsunami is considered low, unless reactivation of the fault structure in the Sunda Strait.

Krakatau's activity level remains at 3 / siaga, with a prohibited area of ​​5 km radius.

Anak Krakatau - images Sentinel-2 image bands 4,2,1 , respectively on 29.12.2018 (top) and 14.11.2018 (bottom), before and after the tsunami
Anak Krakatau - images Sentinel-2 image bands 4,2,1 , respectively on 29.12.2018 (top) and 14.11.2018 (bottom), before and after the tsunami

Anak Krakatau - images Sentinel-2 image bands 4,2,1 , respectively on 29.12.2018 (top) and 14.11.2018 (bottom), before and after the tsunami

Krakatau - extension of the ash cloud to the SW on 27.12.2018, respectively at 09.00 and 23.00 WIB - Doc. BMKG
Krakatau - extension of the ash cloud to the SW on 27.12.2018, respectively at 09.00 and 23.00 WIB - Doc. BMKG

Krakatau - extension of the ash cloud to the SW on 27.12.2018, respectively at 09.00 and 23.00 WIB - Doc. BMKG

The images of the Himawari RGB Citra Satellite show an ash distribution to a southwestern sector this December 27, at an altitude of up to 12 km asl. and a distance of 190 km.

On December 28, the surtseyan activity continues, accompanied by plumes at 2,500 meters.

Guide Andi Susanto Rosadi tried to make the tour of Krakatau on December 28, but had to give it up because of the bad weather generating lows of 1-5 meters.

Sources: PVMBG, BNPB, Communication Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Disaster Preparedness Team from 28.12.2018 / 17h - link and Antara news

Merapi - the summit and dome seen from the valley 27.12.2018 - photo Sukiman Lintas Merapi / Twitter

Merapi - the summit and dome seen from the valley 27.12.2018 - photo Sukiman Lintas Merapi / Twitter

 Merapi -  the summit dome degassing 27.12.2018 - photo Sukiman Lintas Merapi / Twitter

Merapi -  the summit dome degassing 27.12.2018 - photo Sukiman Lintas Merapi / Twitter

At Merapi / Java, the summit lava dome is observed on December 27th marked by a white and thick degassing at a max. 125 meters above the summit, from the observation post.

The deformation does not show any significant change.

The volume of the dome is estimated at 389,000 m³, with a growth rate of 2,300 m³ / day, larger than the previous week. It is considered as currently stable, and the level of activity remains at 2 / waspada, with a prohibited area of ​​3 km radius.

On December 28 at 8:25 pm, a debris flow traveled more than 300 meters towards Kali Gendol, and incandescence is visible northwest of the dome the same day at 22:04; Another flow is reported at 22:55 WIB with a course of 400 meters.... events described as currents in the process of dome growth.

Source: PVMBG

Merapi - hot spots of lava / debris flows on 28.12.2018, at 20:25, 22:04 and 22:55 - one click to enlarge - Doc.BPPTKGMerapi - hot spots of lava / debris flows on 28.12.2018, at 20:25, 22:04 and 22:55 - one click to enlarge - Doc.BPPTKG
Merapi - hot spots of lava / debris flows on 28.12.2018, at 20:25, 22:04 and 22:55 - one click to enlarge - Doc.BPPTKG

Merapi - hot spots of lava / debris flows on 28.12.2018, at 20:25, 22:04 and 22:55 - one click to enlarge - Doc.BPPTKG

The Colombian Geological Survey recorded on December 28 at 4:00. local seismic signal associated with fluid movements internal in Nevado del Ruiz.

The weather conditions did not allow to see if it was associated with an emission of gas or ashes; Ash falls are possible in a northwesterly direction towards Manizales, Villamaría, Chinchiná, Santa Rosa, and Pereira.

The level of activity remains at 3 / amarillo / changes in the behavior of volcanic activity.

Source: SGC

Nevado del Ruiz 28.12.2018 / 4h LT- sismo et spectrogram od the sismical signal  - SGC station sism OLB

Nevado del Ruiz 28.12.2018 / 4h LT- sismo et spectrogram od the sismical signal - SGC station sism OLB

Nevado del Ruiz - archive photo 17.09.2018 - SGC

Nevado del Ruiz - archive photo 17.09.2018 - SGC

In Kamchatka, the explosive-extrusive eruption of Sheveluch continues with this December 26 at 20h, an explosion of ashes to more than 7,000 meters asl. The ash plume slid north for 10 km.
The KVERT reports that weather conditions cause an increase in the activity of degassing the volcano, interspersed with ash emissions; the ash plume extends 40 km, drifting to the northwest on 27 December.

 

Sources: KVERT & VAAC Tokyo

 Sheveluch - lightning in the eruptive plume - photo 26.12.2018 / 20h22 IVS FEB RAS, KVERT

 Sheveluch - lightning in the eruptive plume - photo 26.12.2018 / 20h22 IVS FEB RAS, KVERT

In the Aleutian arc, a brief explosion was detected this December 29 at 3:17 UTC / December 28 at 18:17 AKST in Cleveland; a cloud of ash was spotted by a pilot at an altitude of 17,000 ft asl .

Typical explosions of this volcano, small clouds of ash dissipate within hours of their emission. The aviation code is orange.

Source: AVO

Cleveland - satellite image Worlview of 10.07.2018 / Dave Schneider / AVO - USGS

Cleveland - satellite image Worlview of 10.07.2018 / Dave Schneider / AVO - USGS

A powerful 4.8-magnitude earthquake occurred in the northern part of the Bárðarbunga caldera, one of the volcanoes overshadowed by the Vatnajökull icecap in Iceland, on 28 December at 01:16, followed by three earthquakes of significant magnitude. . The largest of them was from 3.7 to 1:38.

The seismic activity has found lower levels afterwards.

Bardarbunga - earthquakes at 28.12.2018 / 7.30am - IMO

The biggest earthquake that occurred in Bárðarbunga last week was M3.6. On the website of the Icelandic Meteorological Office / IMO, there is no sign of eruption in the region, but significant earthquakes have been detected regularly in Bárðarbunga since the 2014-2015 eruption in Holuhraun, and the collapse of the Bárðarbunga caldera.

Source: IMO

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