In Papua New Guinea, VAAC Darwin maintains the red aviation code for Manam.
The eruption started on January 23 (see yesterday's article) continued on the 24th (which is rare, the eruptions usually last only two hours); at high altitude, the ash cloud, which rises 16.7 km by 5 pm UTC, has dissipated, but at lower altitudes the ashes are moving eastwards.
Mirova detected a thermal anomaly of 13 MW on 24 January at 4:15.
The communication tower was destroyed, as well as the drinking water reserves rendered unusable; The three care centers are complete and can not accommodate more refugees ... residents are asking for immediate evacuation and long-term plans.
Sources: VAAC Darwin, Post Courier and Manam Resettlement Authority
The growth of the Merapi dome is continuing; the volume reached on January 22 is 461,000 m³, with a feeding rate of 1,300 m³ / day.
The seismic activity of January 24 is characterized by 28 avalanche earthquakes, a low frequency earthquake and a shallow volcanic earthquake.
The activity level remains at 2 / waspada, with a prohibited area of 3 km.
The Villarica, in Chile, after three weeks of calm, finds again its lava fountains and strombolian explosions, with deposits of ash, lapilli and bombs of diameter up to 15 cm, measurements made during a reconnaissance in the land at mid-day. The height of the fountain of 24 January at 3:10 was 35 meters, ... a building of 10 floors.
The sulphurous gas plume extended in the afternoon of January 23 over 40 km to the northeast, before decreasing vigorously and the beginning of Strombolian activity.
The crater of Poas, Costa Rica, presented during the day of January 24 a plume rich in steam (white) out of the mouth A / ancient dome.
Ovsicori does not report an eruption.
In Nicaragua, ash emissions from San Cristobal remain constant. Without further comments from Ineter.