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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #volcanic activity
 Anak Krakatau - phreatomagmatic / surtseyan activity of 04.01.2019, and gradual closure of the bay - photo Planet labs Inc

Anak Krakatau - phreatomagmatic / surtseyan activity of 04.01.2019, and gradual closure of the bay - photo Planet labs Inc

The surtseyan activity continues in Krakatau.

It is characterized by numerous earthquakes of eruption, and the emission of large steam plumes, white to grayish (ash content). A continuous tremor of dominant amplitude at 7 mm is recorded.

On the photo provided by Planet Labs, there is a gradual closure of the bay formed following the eruption of December 22, 2018.

On January 4, a stereo analysis performed by AIRES reports the height of the ash cloud at 17 ± 0.5 km.

Oystein Lund Andersen, returned to the spot, reports lightning in the plume as he took pictures in the early evening.

Anak Krakatau - the important eruptive plumes of 04.01.2019 / at 17h02 and 19h local - ohoto Oystein Lund Andersen
Anak Krakatau - the important eruptive plumes of 04.01.2019 / at 17h02 and 19h local - ohoto Oystein Lund Andersen

Anak Krakatau - the important eruptive plumes of 04.01.2019 / at 17h02 and 19h local - ohoto Oystein Lund Andersen

The activity produces a flow of sulfur dioxide that disperses east over the Jakarta region and reaches the east of Java Island, at an altitude of about 10 km. (Sentinel / Tropomi, via Simon Carn)

Anak Krakatau - SO2 Plume on 04.01.2019 / 6:39 UT - Sentinel image 5P / Tropomi - via S.Carn (2)

Anak Krakatau - SO2 Plume on 04.01.2019 / 6:39 UT - Sentinel image 5P / Tropomi - via S.Carn (2)

Anak Krakatau - plume of steam, then ashes on 05.01.2019, at 9:05 and 9:35 local - photos Oystein Lund Andersen
Anak Krakatau - plume of steam, then ashes on 05.01.2019, at 9:05 and 9:35 local - photos Oystein Lund Andersen

Anak Krakatau - plume of steam, then ashes on 05.01.2019, at 9:05 and 9:35 local - photos Oystein Lund Andersen

On January 5, a thick plume of gray ash is reported at 11:11 WIB at about 1,500 meters above the current summit; it is inclined to the southwest. The amplitude of the episode, lasting 1 minute 5 seconds, is 18 mm.

The level of activity remains at 3 / siaga, with a prohibited area of ​​5 km.

 

Sources: PVMBG, Magma Indonesia, BNPB, Oystein Lund Andersen, Simon Carn.

Merapi - evolution of the dome between 27.12.2018 and 03.01.2019 - Doc. BPPTKG

Merapi - evolution of the dome between 27.12.2018 and 03.01.2019 - Doc. BPPTKG

At Merapi / Java, in activity level 2 / waspada, dome growth continues at an average rate of 3,800m³ / day, up from the previous week.

It reached on 3 January 2019 a volume of 415,000 m³.

Incandescent collapses are common and an episode lasting 150 sec. around 9:01 pm local time on December 4, was observed on about 1,200 meters. The amplitude on the sismogram is 70 mm. (?)

Source: BPPTKG

 Merapi-  incandescent rockfall over 1,200 m. on 04.01.2019 / 09:01 pm WIB to Gendol river - image BPPTKG

 Merapi-  incandescent rockfall over 1,200 m. on 04.01.2019 / 09:01 pm WIB to Gendol river - image BPPTKG

In Karangetang, eruptive activity has increased since November 25, 2018, continues.
The PVMBG reports for January 3, 2019, 68 earthquakes of collapses, 57 earthquakes of blast, 2 hybrid earthquakes, and a continuous tremor of small amplitude, with a dominant at 0.25 mm.

A debris and lava flow exceeds 1,500 meters in length in the NNE gully, and is still active (traces on satellite IR images); the danger of collapsing pyroclastic flows threatens nearby homes.

The activity level is maintained at 3, with a forbidden zone of 2.5 km for craters north and south, and 3 km north-west.

Sources: PVMBG & Sentinel 2

Karangetang - summary table of seismicity on 04.01.2019 and seismogram of 04.01.2019 - Doc. Magma Indonesia - one click to enlargeKarangetang - summary table of seismicity on 04.01.2019 and seismogram of 04.01.2019 - Doc. Magma Indonesia - one click to enlarge

Karangetang - summary table of seismicity on 04.01.2019 and seismogram of 04.01.2019 - Doc. Magma Indonesia - one click to enlarge

Karangetang - image Sentinel-2 image bands12,11,4 of 04.01.2019 - one click to enlarge

Karangetang - image Sentinel-2 image bands12,11,4 of 04.01.2019 - one click to enlarge

In Kamchatka, where an explosive-extrusive activity continues in Sheveluch, we can observe on the images of the webcam and the photos, a pyroclastic flow this January 4th.

A large plume of gas, steam, and ashes is reported at a height of 5,000-5,500 meters on 4 and 5 January, dispersed by winds to the northeast, then northwest over more than one hundred kilometers.

The aviation code remains orange, due to the possibility of ash and plume explosions that can reach 10-15 km at any time.

 

Sources: KVERT & VAAC Tokyo

Sheveluch - plume and pyroclastic flow of 04.01.2019 - webcam IVS via Kirill Bakanov

Sheveluch - plume and pyroclastic flow of 04.01.2019 - webcam IVS via Kirill Bakanov

Sheveluch - plume and pyroclastic flow of 04.01.2019 - photo Kirill Bakanov

Sheveluch - plume and pyroclastic flow of 04.01.2019 - photo Kirill Bakanov

Sheveluch - thermal anomalies on 04-05.01.2019 - Doc. Mirova _MODIS_Latest10NTI
Sheveluch - thermal anomalies on 04-05.01.2019 - Doc. Mirova _MODIS_Latest10NTI

Sheveluch - thermal anomalies on 04-05.01.2019 - Doc. Mirova _MODIS_Latest10NTI

Sheveluch - volcanic Ash Advisory on 05.01.2019 - Doc. VAAC Tokyo

Sheveluch - volcanic Ash Advisory on 05.01.2019 - Doc. VAAC Tokyo

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