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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #volcanic activity

In Indonesia, VAAC Darwin issued 2 orange VONAs, respectively for Raung and Sinabung on January 27, and a red VONA for Merapi, on January 28, 2021.

Sinabung erupted on Wednesday, January 27, 2021, at 6:23 p.m. WIB, with the height of the ash column observed at ± 500 m above the summit (± 2960 m above sea level). We observe that the ash column is gray with a thick intensity towards the east. This eruption was recorded on a seismograph with a maximum amplitude of 5 mm and a duration of 141 seconds.

Communities and visitors / tourists not to conduct activities in villages that have been displaced, as well as the location within a radial radius of 3 km from the summit of G. Sinabung, as well as within a sector radius of 5 km for the south-eastern sector, and 4 km for the east-north sector.

In the event of ash rain, people are advised to wear masks when leaving the house to reduce the health effects of volcanic ash. Secure the drinking water facilities and clean the roof of the house from dense volcanic ash so that it does not collapse.

Communities that live near rivers that originate at Mount Sinabung to remain alert to the dangers of lahars.

 

Source: PVMBG

Sinabung - 01/26/2021 / 7:21 a.m. - photo Nachelle homestay

Sinabung - 01/26/2021 / 7:21 a.m. - photo Nachelle homestay

At Raung, a gray and brown plume of the main crater was observed with moderate to high intensity, about 200-600 meters from the summit on January 28 in the morning.

The seismicity is marked by 40 episodes of non-harmonic tremor, with an amplitude between 3 and 10 mm lasting 69 to 1,649 sec. ; there is also a tectonic earthquake.

 

Source: Magma Indonesia

Raung - 01.28.2021 / 07:33 WIB - PVMBG webcam - Magma Indonesia

Raung - 01.28.2021 / 07:33 WIB - PVMBG webcam - Magma Indonesia

Raung - seismicity at 27.01.2021 - Doc. Magma Indonesia

Raung - seismicity at 27.01.2021 - Doc. Magma Indonesia

The BPPTKG has drawn up a new risk map and announces that the potential danger of Merapi is currently in the form of:

1. Boulder avalanches and pyroclastic flows in the south-southwest sector covering the Boyong, Bedog, Krasak, Bebeng and Putih rivers, with a maximum distance of 5 km.

2. Ejection of volcanic material during an explosive eruption within a radius of 3 km from the summit.

 

The seismicity of January 27, 2021 consists of:

- 52 earthquakes accompanying pyroclastic flows, with an amplitude of 15 to 77 mm and a duration of 75 to 317.8 seconds.

- 274 collapse / avalanche earthquakes, with an amplitude of 4 to 65 mm and a duration of 11 to 200 seconds.

- 11 blast / emission earthquakes, with an amplitude of 3 to 26 mm and the earthquake lasted 12 to 62 seconds.

- 9 hybrid / multiphase earthquakes, with an amplitude of 5-32 mm, S-P 0.3-0.8 seconds and the duration of the earthquake was 7-11 seconds.

- 5 shallow volcanic earthquakes, with an amplitude of 40 to 75 mm and the duration of the earthquake was 8 to 13 seconds.

- 1 distant tectonic earthquake.

 

Source: Magma Indonesia

Merapi - current map of risk areas - Doc. BPPTKG

Merapi - current map of risk areas - Doc. BPPTKG

Merapi - pyroclastic flows of 27.01.2021 - Doc. BPPTKG - one click to enlargeMerapi - pyroclastic flows of 27.01.2021 - Doc. BPPTKG - one click to enlarge

Merapi - pyroclastic flows of 27.01.2021 - Doc. BPPTKG - one click to enlarge

Merapi by Kaliurang PGM - 28.10.2021 / 11.55 a.m.- Doc. PVMBG - Magma Indonesia

Merapi by Kaliurang PGM - 28.10.2021 / 11.55 a.m.- Doc. PVMBG - Magma Indonesia

The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, Etna Observatory, announces that from the surveillance cameras, we see that the activity produced by the summit craters remains unchanged compared to the last update (Press release Etna - Update n.123 - 20.01.2021).

In particular, Strombolian activity continues at the level of the Southeast crater fed by at least two explosive vents with deposition of products in the upper northeast flank of the cone and the intracrater Strombolian activity at the Northeast crater, Bocca Nuova and Voragine.

From the seismic point of view, from January 21, the average amplitude of the tremor remains in the high range showing a gradual increase, currently in progress. The location of the sources of the tremor remains confined to the southeastern crater area at a depth of approximately 2,900 m above mean sea level.

At the same time, infrasound activity localized mainly in the southeastern crater region continues. In particular, as of 07:30 UTC today there is a slight increase in both the number of events and their magnitude.

The incline and GPS station data show no significant changes.

 

Source: INGV OE

Etna summits seen from Tremestieri Etneo: strombolian activity at SEC and glow at Bocca Nuova on 27.01.2021 at dawn - photo Boris Behncke.

Etna summits seen from Tremestieri Etneo: strombolian activity at SEC and glow at Bocca Nuova on 27.01.2021 at dawn - photo Boris Behncke.

Small note:

The dimensions of the new dome of the Soufrière de St Vincent have just been put online by the UWI-SRC.

428 m. over 217 m. - 80 m. in height - total volume 4.45 million m³. Under supervision of UWI-SRC and NEMO

Soufrière of St Vincent - growth of the dome on 27.01.2021 - Doc. UWI-SRC

Soufrière of St Vincent - growth of the dome on 27.01.2021 - Doc. UWI-SRC

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