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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #volcanic activity

From around 22:00 UTC on July 19, 2021, the resumption of Strombolian activity at the level of the south-eastern crater of Etna is observed. According to the forecast model, the volcanic ash produced by the current activity is dispersed in the direction of S.
The temporal trend of the mean amplitude of the seismic signal which from the afternoon of day 18 is characterized by large fluctuations, currently shows a fairly stationary trend on medium-high values. The location of the centroid of the volcanic tremor sources is currently located in correspondence with the southeast crater at an altitude of about 2700 m above sea level.

From around 02:20 UTC on July 20, a sudden increase in the amplitude of the volcanic tremor was observed which reached high values. The centroid of the tremor sources is located in correspondence with the southeast crater at an altitude of about 2900 m above sea level.

The INGV reports at 05:47 UTC the gradual transition of Strombolian activity towards a lava fountain at the crater of
South East. Based on the forecast model, the eruptive cloud produced by the current activity disperses towards the SSE. In addition, an overflow of lava is observed from surveillance cameras to the southwest.

The activity is ongoing ... to be continued

 

Source: INGV OE

Etna SEC - 07.20.2021 / 5:12 am - webcam Emot0104 / INGV

Etna SEC - 07.20.2021 / 5:12 am - webcam Emot0104 / INGV

Etna SEC - 07.20.2021 / 07:29 - new webcam LAVE

Etna SEC - 07.20.2021 / 07:29 - new webcam LAVE

 Etna - tremor at 20.07.2021 / 11h  - Doc. INGV OE

Etna - tremor at 20.07.2021 / 11h - Doc. INGV OE

Etna - 20.07.2021 - photo courtesy of © Pippo Scarpinati
Etna - 20.07.2021 - photo courtesy of © Pippo Scarpinati

Etna - 20.07.2021 - photo courtesy of © Pippo Scarpinati

Update :

From around 08:10 UTC the tremor showed a rapid decrease in values ​​which are currently at an average level with a downward trend ...
and the lava fountain of the southeast crater has ceased, weak Strombolian activity continues at the southeast crater with emission of ash.

Etna south-eastern crater - images from January and 20.07.2021 showing the evolution of the SEC - comment by Boris Behncke below - EMOT / INGV OE webcam

Etna south-eastern crater - images from January and 20.07.2021 showing the evolution of the SEC - comment by Boris Behncke below - EMOT / INGV OE webcam

" Six months and three days separate these two images taken by the thermal surveillance camera of Montagnola," EMOT ", on the high southern slope of Etna. Barely freed from its clouds of ash and gas of the last paroxysm (morning of July 20, 2021), the Southeast Crater from this point of view shows a proud cone, almost perfectly symmetrical, and tens of meters higher than at the beginning of this year. Then it seemed crouched, it was wide and flat, a set of volcanic cones pushing side by side and partially on top of each other, the old, the new and the “saddle.” Now the active vents are concentrated exactly in the center of this complex apparatus, and as in the olden days, 20 years ago, the South-East crater shows itself as a full-fledged volcano, pretending to be * it * Etna ". - Comment from Boris Behncke / INGV

Sinabung - eruptive episode of 07.19.2021 / 7:01 p.m. - PVMBG webcam

Sinabung - eruptive episode of 07.19.2021 / 7:01 p.m. - PVMBG webcam

In Sinabung, two eruptive episodes took place on July 19, 2021, respectively at 6:50 p.m. WIB with the height of the ash column observed ± 1000 m above the peak (± 3460 m above sea level). This eruption was recorded on a seismograph with a maximum amplitude of 86 mm and a duration of 662 seconds.
and at 7:01 p.m. WIB with the height of the ash column observed at ± 300 m above the peak (± 2760 m above sea level). This eruption was recorded on a seismograph with a maximum amplitude of 47 mm and a duration of 605 seconds.

In addition, the seismicity was characterized by:

- 3 avalanche earthquakes with an amplitude of 15-45 mm and an earthquake duration of 27-74 seconds.
- 8 emission / blast earthquakes with an amplitude of 5 to 59 mm and the duration of the earthquake from 15 to 30 seconds.
- A non-harmonic tremor episode with an amplitude of 3 mm and an earthquake duration of 1422 seconds.
- 1 low frequency earthquake with an amplitude of 22 mm and a duration of 18 seconds.
- 13 hybrid / multiphase earthquakes with an amplitude of 5 to 85 mm, lasting from 7 to 25 seconds.
- 1 local tectonic earthquake with an amplitude of 120 mm, S-P 5.8 seconds and a duration of 60 seconds.

The activity level remains at 3 / siaga.

 

Sources PVMBG, Magma Indonesia

Sinabung - 07.19.2021 from 7:01 p.m. WIB - ithinkx video

 Anak Krakatau, in activity level of level II (Alert) since March 25, 2019, presented, on july 18, a white plume, light to medium, 50 meters high.

Thanks to the seismographic recordings of July 18, 2021, it was recorded - 2 blast / emission earthquakes
- 3 low frequency earthquakes
- 1 distant tectonic earthquake
- continuous tremor, amplitude 1-12 mm (predominance of 2 mm)

The public / tourists are not allowed to approach the crater within 2 km of the crater.

 

Sources: PVMBG & Sentinel-2

Anak Krakatau - clear sky and light plume of gas and steam on 07/18/2021 - image Sentinel-2 bands 12,11,4 - one click to enlarge

Anak Krakatau - clear sky and light plume of gas and steam on 07/18/2021 - image Sentinel-2 bands 12,11,4 - one click to enlarge

In Sabancaya, the week of July 12 to 18, 2021, is characterized, like the previous week of a moderate level of activity, with an average of 100 volcanic explosions per day, accompanied by plumes of ash up to 2,000 meters above Summit.

I.G. Peru provides information for the week 1.124 volcanic earthquakes associated with the circulation of internal magmatic fluids. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes, in connection with the fracturing of rocks occur in an area north of the volcano, from M 1.8 to M 3.1.

No significant deformation anomias; Eleven thermal anomalies, associated with the presence of a surface lava body in the crater, were observed, with a max. of 48 MW.

The volcanic alert remains in Naranja, with an inaccessible area of ​​12 km radius around the crater.

 

Sources: I.G. Peru

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