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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié le par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #volcanic activity
Etna SEC from Tremestieri Etneo - photo ©  Boris Behncke 10.02.2022 around 7 p.m. - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC from Tremestieri Etneo - photo © Boris Behncke 10.02.2022 around 7 p.m. - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

Continuation of the activity of the south-east crater of Etna ...

From the seismic point of view, the phase of increase in the average amplitude of the volcanic tremor continued; it reached the base of the high level around 13:30 UTC. The sources of the tremor remain in the area of ​​the southeast crater, at an altitude of approximately 2,800 m above sea level. Infrasonic activity showed a further increase in the rate of occurrence of events and their magnitude. Infrasonic events are located at the southeast crater.

From 14:20 UTC from the cameras of the CCTV network, a modest overflow of lava is observed from the Southeast Crater, which flows in a West - Southwest direction.

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Emot webcam images 6:09 p.m. and 7:48 p.m. - EMCT webcam image 8:57 p.m. - Doc. INGV OE - one click to enlargeEtna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Emot webcam images 6:09 p.m. and 7:48 p.m. - EMCT webcam image 8:57 p.m. - Doc. INGV OE - one click to enlarge
Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Emot webcam images 6:09 p.m. and 7:48 p.m. - EMCT webcam image 8:57 p.m. - Doc. INGV OE - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Emot webcam images 6:09 p.m. and 7:48 p.m. - EMCT webcam image 8:57 p.m. - Doc. INGV OE - one click to enlarge

From about 16:00 UTC, there was, in alternating phases in terms of intensity and frequency, a decisive intensification of Strombolian activity at the level of the Southeast Crater. Based on the forecast model, the volcanic plume is heading west. The lava flow produced by the ongoing activity to the southeast of the crater seems to be still fed and its front has reached an estimated altitude of around 2900 m above sea level.
The phase of increase in the average amplitude of the volcanic tremor continued, which reached a high level with an oscillatory trend. The sources of the tremor remain in the southeast crater area, at an altitude of about 2800-2900 m above sea level. Infrasound activity also showed an upward trend, characterized by fluctuations marked with the rate of occurrence of events and their amplitude values ​​ranging from medium to high. Infrasonic events are mainly localized to the southeast crater.

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

From about 20:40 UTC, we observe the passage of Strombolian activity in the form of a lava fountain to the southeast of the crater, 500-600 meters high. The lava flow produced by activity at the SE crater continues to be well fed. The eruptive cloud produced by the current activity, reaches a height of about 10,000 m., dispersing towards the western sector of the volcano.
The average amplitude of the volcanic tremor has reached very high values ​​and the sources remain in the area of ​​the southeast crater, at an altitude of about 2900-3000 m above sea level.

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Paroxysm and lava fountain - photo © Gio Giusa - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - Paroxysm and lava fountain - photo © Gio Giusa - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo Boris Behncke / INGV - one click to enlarge

Etna SEC - 10.02.2022 - photo Boris Behncke / INGV - one click to enlarge

Etrna SEC - Fountain of lava and ash plume streaked with lightning - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

Etrna SEC - Fountain of lava and ash plume streaked with lightning - photo © Pippo Scarpinati - one click to enlarge

At 8:40 p.m., 9:19 p.m. and 9:26 p.m. UTC, the activity of the southeast crater produced three small flows of pyroclastic material. The first two flows traveled a few hundred meters towards the Valle del Bove while the third headed south, also covering a few hundred meters.

At 23:19 UTC, INGV reports that lava fountaining from the southeast crater has ceased. The eruptive cloud produced by the activity, at about 8,000 meters above sea level, disperses in the western sector of the volcano. The lava flow produced by the current activity at the Southeast Crater seems still fed and the front is at an altitude of about 2,700 m.
The average amplitude of the volcanic tremor, after reaching the maximum value at 21:00 UTC, underwent a rapid decrease, returning to the average level.

 

Etna - tremor at 11.02.2022 / 07:00 - INGV OE

 

Currently, this parameter shows a trend of further decrease. The center of gravity of volcanic tremor sources remains localized in the area of ​​the southeast crater at an altitude of about 2900 m above sea level. At the same time, infrasonic activity also suffered a decrease rapid in both the number of events and the amplitude.
The tilt network showed variations within a few microradians during lava fountaining activity. On the other hand, no significant change was observed in the time series of the GNSS network.

 

Sources: INGV OE – photos by Pippo scarpinati, Boris Behncke and Gio Giusa

Thanks to the photographers!

Semisopochnoi - the northern crater of Cerberus erupting on 10.02.2022 / 10:46 HST - photo webcam CETU / AVO

Semisopochnoi - the northern crater of Cerberus erupting on 10.02.2022 / 10:46 HST - photo webcam CETU / AVO

Near-continuous low-level eruptive activity continues from Mount Cerberus North Crater at Semisopochnoi. Seismicity remains high and several small explosions have been detected. A low-level ashy plume was observed in webcam data during the day yesterday and today.

Small eruptions producing minor ash deposition near Mount Cerberus' active north crater and ash clouds generally below 10,000 feet (3 km) above sea level have characterized recent activity. Small explosions and associated ash emissions may continue and be difficult to detect, particularly when heavy cloud cover obscures the volcano.

The current alert level is Watch, and the aviation code is Orange.

Semisopochnoi is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, and remote infrasound and lightning networks.

 

Source: AVO

Phlegraean Fields - situation as of 06.02.2022 - Doc. INGV ob. Vesuviano

Phlegraean Fields - situation as of 06.02.2022 - Doc. INGV ob. Vesuviano

Phlegraean Fields - uplift of about 90 cm since 2005 - Pozzuoli GPS station - INGV 2022

Phlegraean Fields - uplift of about 90 cm since 2005 - Pozzuoli GPS station - INGV 2022

Update on Campi Flegrei, from the January 2022 watch bulletin.


The Phlegraean Fields show activity related to the current phase of bradyseism which began at the end of 2005.

The average uplift velocity measured in recent months is about 13 ± 2 mm/month and the uplift reached a value of about 90 cm from November 2005.

In January, 260 earthquakes with a maximum magnitude of 2.5 ± 0.3 were recorded.

The geochemical parameters confirm the long-term trends of warming and pressurization of the hydrothermal system.


Based on information from all monitoring systems, there is no evidence to suggest significant changes in the short term. The alert level for Campi Flegrei is confirmed as "Yellow".

 

Source: INGV

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