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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Articles de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #L'art sur les chemins du feu

Used for over a century, enamelled lava will be first used for signage street signs , ladders low water, to certain outputs of the Metro in Paris (Porte de la Chapelle) / France, for roads signs of Michelin in France , or orientation tables published by the Touring club .

Today , this beautiful product is used for worktops for kitchens, wall coverings, decorative panels or art trinkets.

Jules Jolivet (1794-1871) Decorative panel "The Trinity " - Painting enamelled lava - 110 x 240 cm Paris , Saint- Vincent -de- Paul - Photo: Didier Rykner

Jules Jolivet (1794-1871) Decorative panel "The Trinity " - Painting enamelled lava - 110 x 240 cm Paris , Saint- Vincent -de- Paul - Photo: Didier Rykner

Viewpoint in Ajaccio " The Genoese city " - photo agency Méliades .

Viewpoint in Ajaccio " The Genoese city " - photo agency Méliades .

Michelin quadrangular road sign , combining information and advertising - photo auto Forum

Michelin quadrangular road sign , combining information and advertising - photo auto Forum

Production of  the plates :

Slices of lava, most often Volvic lava , a trachy - andesite , are calibrated in thickness and debited to the desired format ( water-cooled diamond tool ) . After surfacing to smooth the cutting traces and chamfering of the edges , the imperfections of the stone are engobed  with a mixture of silica , feldspar and clay . Once dry , the plate is sanded with cork and baked at about 980 ° C.

The drawing is referred to the graphite mine , and enamels , mainly based on iron oxides and derivatives, applied with a marten brush . Everything is vitrified between 940 and 960 ° C. A possible additional passage in the oven is when gilding brush, annealed to 700 ° C. The lava stone is the only supporting these repeated firings.

The enamel surface has crazing , cracking which can be explained by an expansion coefficient higher for the enamel than lava. In cooling , the difference in shrinkage leads to the appearance of this phenomenon of microcracking .

Manufacturing of the enamel plates of lava - Extract from the "official monthly magazine of the auto -club- Ardennes " , Number 11 November 1935.

Manufacturing of the enamel plates of lava - Extract from the "official monthly magazine of the auto -club- Ardennes " , Number 11 November 1935.

Enameled lava plate on concrete substrate - A6 Darvault / Company motorway Paris -Lyon

Enameled lava plate on concrete substrate - A6 Darvault / Company motorway Paris -Lyon

Its features allow you to create a product of unparalleled quality. The natural appearance of the lava gives a unique visual rendering, brightness and exceptional color depth .

The sustainability of the product comes from his insensitivity to heat, cold, salt air and wind erosion by blowing sand , and high resistance to damage , scratch , puncture , or graffiti (which may be removed by pressure hose , or with acetone )

Only drawback, offset by the longevity of the product , its price avoisinne 3,000 € ht / m².

 

Sources :

- Histoire du panneau Michelin - link

- Ce qu'il faut savoir sur la lave émaillée - link

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