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Earth of fire

Actualité volcanique, Article de fond sur étude de volcan, tectonique, récits et photos de voyage

Publié par Bernard Duyck
Publié dans : #Excursions et voyages
The volcanic arc and the Ryukyu Trench - Doc. Google earth annotated

The volcanic arc and the Ryukyu Trench - Doc. Google earth annotated

Kuchino-shima is located in the north of the islands forming the Ryukyu volcanic arc, between Nakano-shima and Kuchinoerabu-shima.

 

The small population is concentrated in the north of this tiny land 3 km. on 7, in the villages of Nishinohama and Kuchinoshima.
 

Kuchino-shima - photo H. Seo / Geological Survey of Japan

Kuchino-shima - photo H. Seo / Geological Survey of Japan

Two andesitic stratovolcano and a chain of lava domes, oriented NW-SE, characterize it. The composite dome Maedake highest point 628 meters, stood at the east of the summit of the flat roof  stratovolcano Yokodake top of 501m.

The Global Volcanism Program reports only four eruptions, in 6750 BC, in 900 BC, in 750 and one in 1190. In 2001, discoloration of the ocean indicate always thevolcanic activity.

Kuchino-shima - Lava Dome Maedake seen from E (Toshiri-Kaigan). - Photo S.Nakano / GSJ

Kuchino-shima - Lava Dome Maedake seen from E (Toshiri-Kaigan). - Photo S.Nakano / GSJ

Kuchino-shima - in the center, the lava Dome Maedake seen from north , the stratovolcano Yokodake on the right - photo S.Nakano 2005 / GSJ

Kuchino-shima - in the center, the lava Dome Maedake seen from north , the stratovolcano Yokodake on the right - photo S.Nakano 2005 / GSJ

Among the many domes, the dome Moedake has an explosion crater still emitting fumaroles.

Kuchino-shima - the explosion crater of the dome Moedake seen from the  N - photo H. Seo / GSJ

Kuchino-shima - the explosion crater of the dome Moedake seen from the N - photo H. Seo / GSJ

 Kuchino-shima - Activity fumaroles in the crater of explosion of dome Moedake - Photo S. Nakano / GSJ

Kuchino-shima - Activity fumaroles in the crater of explosion of dome Moedake - Photo S. Nakano / GSJ

The island is home to indigenous cattle in small number, retaining the characteristics of the oldest breeds of Japan described in ancient documents, the Kuchinoshima Ushi. They are thin (300-400 kg), small sizes, with a broad chest and a tiny waist.

 

Sources :

- Geological Survey of Japan - Quaternary volcanoes - Kuchino-shima

- Global Volcanism Program - Kuchinoshima

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